Careful handling was required to be able to place a tube (catheter) into Jasper’s vein and he was given immediate treatment to stop his tremors. Permethrin is used in some flea spot-on products made for dogs, and occasionally (in lower doses) in flea powders and collars for cats. This is further complicated by the fact that canine marketed permethrin products typically contain 45-60% permethrin while safe feline marketed products contain less than 0.1%. ). Learn what to do if you’re presented with an animal who has ingested these common people foods. Permethrin is more toxic to insects than it is to people and dogs. The main signs were convulsions, tremor, hypersalivation, mydriasis, and ataxia. Author(s) : Bessant, C.; Sparkes, A. This paper reviews permethrin toxicosis and its treatment in cats, incorporating information from the Australian and selected overseas veterinary … The same applies if you think your cat has been in contact with a treated dog. The veterinary nurse on duty was able to advise them that immediate veterinary attention was required and brief questioning determined that this was a possible case of permethrin toxicity. The reason cats are sensitive to these compounds is that they are unable to break down these toxins as they lack the liver enzyme to do so. ... Factors the influence toxicity in cats are chiefly the concentration of a product, and the type & number of synergists and carriers in the product. Cats, however, are exquisitely susceptible to the toxic effects of permethrins. Less commonly, cats may have trouble breathing and may even become blind. This is r… Toxicity occurs as a result of an insufficient glucuronide conjugation of the permethrin by the feline liver, resulting in high levels of the permethrin. Treating Pyrethrin Poisoning Rinse your cat with warm water. Permethrin poisoning in cats can be prevented by always reading and following label instructions before using a flea or tick product on your pet. Unless cases of poisoning are reported through these official channels, the scale of the problem cannot be determined. It’s safe to use on dogs but is extremely poisonous for cats. Common symptoms of permethrin poisoning include drooling, acting strangely, twitching and fitting. 1. We use cookies to improve our website to make sure you have a better browsing experience. nary medicines since 1995, showed that permethrin toxicity in cats usually occurred after the owner applied a canine permethrin-containing product, typically a spot-on. There were greasy patches of fur where the flea product had been applied. Unlike dogs, cats lack the enzyme needed to detox products containing permethrin or pyrethrum. Visit us on Facebook for daily APCC news and conversation. They perhaps assume that the dog product is simply a higher volume of the chemical and that if they apply a small amount to the cat, that will be fine. For households with dogs and cats, use spot-on products that do not contain permethrin to avoid accidental exposure, or keep your pets apart until the dog’s treatment has dried. Pyrethrins are a natural substance extracted from chrysanthemums. The regions of his fur where the dog spot-on had been applied were clipped and he was washed with a mild dishwashing detergent. Over the next day, the dose of sedation was slowly reduced until he regained consciousness. The most common clinical signs of permethrin toxicity in cats are muscle tremors and seizures. Permethrins are the man-made version of pyrethrins. Jasper,  a 5-year-old male cat, lives with his owner in Australia. Permethrin poisoning is still one of the most common poisonings of cats worldwide and it can be life-threatening. If your cat does not exhibit any of the following symptoms after using flea killers, then congratulate you and try to use the same amount of medication on subsequent treatments. Click Yes to help us continue to make these improvements. The permethrin will stay on the dog’s skin and coat for some time and when a cat grooms or even rubs against the dog, or simply sits on the same furniture, it can be poisoned. Read the APCC's list. Hypersalivation, depression, vomiting, anorexia and even death may also be seen. As a caring owner concerned about flea control in her animals, Jasper’s well-meaning owner split a permethrin-containing flea spot-on product, manufactured for use on large dogs, between Jasper, their small dog and their pet rabbit. Comment on Vet Rec. The most common symptoms include: Five Tips for Treating Cat Permethrin Toxicosis Flea season is hard enough to handle when treating flea allergy dermatitis, helping an owner get control over a household flea infestation, or treating kittens with flea bite anemia. PMID: Methocarbamol (50-150mg/kg IV bolus, titrate up as needed, but do not exceed 330mg/kg/d) works best to control the tremors. His owner did not mean to harm Jasper at all and in the future will only use flea products that do not contain permethrin, bought from her vet. A relatively new treatment (called lipid infusion) is available which helps to ‘mop up’ the permethrin from the cat’s system and may offer a better chance of survival for severely affected cats. On Facebook for daily APCC news and conversation was offered food animals at risk from grooming or being in contact. 72 hours veterinary hospital – they had no idea what had caused the common., UK a long time to break it down author ( s ): Bessant C.... 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