These must have an abundant supply of food (normally associated with high water quality), together with suitable habitat, such as vegetated river banks, islands, reedbeds and woodland, which are used for foraging, breeding and resting. The dens have entrances underwater so they can be easily accessed from the water. Incidental mortality - mainly in the form of road deaths and drowning in eel traps. There are also a number of smaller, higher altitude lochans within the site and numerous small streams which hold salmonid fish. Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access. endobj Version 2 . They also inhabit the northern most part of Africa. It forms a large productive area which provides all aspects of, This site contains the large freshwater waterbody of Loch Maree with its numerous heavily wooded islands and areas of fringing woodland and heath. As otters are a European protected species, it will also be necessary to demonstrate that the tests in the Habitats Regulations can be met at the planning application stage. River otter dens are along the water in abandoned burrows or empty hollows. 2: Prioritise species safety. <> Otters occupy large home ranges – up to 40km along a river for a male otter but less than half that for a female. Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. The sea otter, however, rarely comes ashore, according to the San Diego Zoo. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. Habitat of the Sea Otter. Removal of vegetation from stream or river banks, the draining of wetlands, the construction of dams and other man-made interventions impact greatly on otter populations. Deze soort heeft het grootste verspreidingsgebied van de otters en komt voor in een groot gedeelte van Europa en Azië The Habitats Directive1 aims to conserve various species of plant and animal which are rare across Europe, and it requires Member States … ����$k!�t�Zs���w,��v��߱����jb��*'f�c �"��n�λG�=:�����gkǍvL�C�s�G?O}�M��3���:t�)�D����3�+��SE&��n��� ��i�q��Ħ�J3�l��N=g'�ޝ�g�m׬٪#�co�Z5Y2�p~ }�߽r�_?��w������ �#Z�Ǥ=l������. The only types of ecosystems in which otters cannot be found are deserts, mountains, and polar regions. The return of otters to the UK. 8 October 2013 . Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. They also have five toes – a distinctive sign that it’s an otter print. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. However, persecution, habitat loss and, more recently, the impact of toxic organochlorine insecticides caused a marked reduction in the range of the species. They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. The return of the otter to waterways across the country is one of the UK’s top conservation success stories. 3. Otters in the UK and Sussex The European otter (Lutra lutra) is a protected species in the UK following a dramatic crash in their numbers in the 1960s. The sinuous otter is an excellent swimmer and can be seen hunting in wetlands, rivers and along the coast - try the west coast of Scotland, West Wales, … Poor bankside habitat - a lack of the habitat features required for breeding. Otters are carnivorous mustelids in the Lutrinae subfamily. Druridge Bay - The Pools along Druridge Bay are the best places to spot otters. They are often mistaken for beavers though. The otter Lutra lutra is a semi-aquatic mammal, which occurs in a wide range of ecological conditions, including inland freshwater and coastal areas (particularly in Scotland). Northumberland. Spraints: In other words, otter droppings. disturbed a site, the higher the possibility that otters may use otherwise sub-optimal sites for resting. Their preferred habitat is located on the banks of rivers bordered by forests, with thick vegetation or stone walls. The site contains all the necessary requirements for, This large, sheltered maritime area is bordered by an extensive area of shoreline and contains numerous small islets and islands. Otters also have particularly stinky poop, which even has its own name: spraints. Otters are found almost all over the world and in many wet habitats, such freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans, coastlines and marshes. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. Eurasian Otters’ Habitat and Distribution ☑️. There is extensive habitat suitable for, Cors Caron is one of the largest wetland areas in Wales and feeds into the River Teifi. Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers This account of the ecological requirements of the European otter (Lutra lutra) has been produced aspart of Life in UK Rivers– a project to develop methods for conserving the wildlife and habitats of rivers within the Natura 2000 network of protected European sites.The project’s focus has been the Habitat. In southern Chile the marine otter is found almost exclusively along exposed rocky seashores; farther north it may inhabit estuaries and fresh water. The Eurasian otter's diet mainly consists of fish. They do live in large family groups. Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. The otter is listed under Annex II of the Habitats Directive and therefore EU member states are required to designate Special Areas of Conservation to protect important populations of this species. Volunteers can help monitor otter populations for wildlife charities. Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates.Lutrinae is a branch of the Mustelidae family, which also includes weasels, badgers, mink, and wolverines, among other animals. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. Manage your land to create a ‘mosaic’ of interconnected habitats and farmland Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. Recent research has demonstrated that this approach has also ensured good coverage of the main lines of genetic variation in British otters. Sofas, Furniture & More. Otter information, Habitat, Feeding, Anatomy, Reproduction, Predators Facts about Sea Otter, Giant Otter, European Otter, African Otter and River Otter. Habitat. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. According to the IUCN Red List, the overall estimate of the population in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004. They utilise a wide variety of habitats 3, 18 A eutrophic river, with a high carrying capacity and plentiful food and habitat cover, could support a higher Otter density. These short-limbed mammals can be found in France, Greece, Spain, Turkey and Scandinavia. The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality otter Lutra lutra habitat in north-west England. However, recent surveys suggest that the otter population is recovering well and recolonising parts of its former range. Cricklepit Mill (Devon Wildlife Trust) An urban site with easy access and regular otter sightings, … Otters have returned to every county in England in a turnaround of their fortunes which once saw them on the brink of extinction. There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. Housing for an Asian small-clawed otter is not for everyone. According to the scientific resources, the total population size of European otters in Belarus is around 12, 000 individuals and in Sweden - 500-1000 individuals. The giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) inhabits South America, especially the Amazon river basin, but is becoming increasingly rare due to poaching, habitat loss, and the use of mercury and other toxins in illegal alluvial gold mining. Otters prefer to live in bodies of water that are close to land offering them wetlands or the woods close by. There are 13 different otter species worldwide, but the Eurasian otter is the only species to inhabit Europe. Basically, they can be found anywhere they have easy access to both land and water. An adult sea otter’s coat can have more than 800 million hairs. The Habitat Range. Where do otters live? The aquatic habitat of otters is very vulnerable in the face of change. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. Otters are found almost all over the world and in many wet habitats, such freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans, coastlines and marshes. Most otters live in dens — built by other animals, such as beavers — that are dug into the ground that have many channels and dry inner chambers. Giant otters (genus Pteronura) are found mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and marshes. These sites are protected under the Conservation of Habitats and Species … They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. © Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Monkstone House, City Road, Peterborough, PE1 1JYTel: 01733 562626 Fax: 01733 555948. Excellent and lithe swimmers, the young are in the water by 10 weeks of age. The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. Eurasian otters will generally live anywhere that has a source of unpolluted fresh water with a sufficient food supply. Company no. Happily the UK population is showing healthy signs of growth after its sad decline in the 1950s. Hunting and trapping of mink - may inadvertently kill otters instead. The species was driven to near extinction in some areas between the 1950s and 1970s, but thanks to improvements in water quality and greater protection it can once again be found across Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and – as of 2011 – every county in England. Sea otters are social animals, usually found in groups, called rafts. Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project uses camera traps to search for otters on the River Severn, and the Canal & River Trust is seeking volunteers to help survey otters on the waterways of Birmingham. Otters are a semi-aquatic mammal and a member of the Mustelid family (the same family as badgers and weasels.) You can commonly find them living in beaver dams. Otters came close to extinction in the UK and much of Europe. Some of them are listed below: Aughton Woods. They leave the protection of their mothers at 10 – 12 months and can breed at 2 years old. 2 0 obj Populations suffered catastrophic declines in the 1950s and 1960s, a trend that was also seen across continental Europe. Both rely exclusively on marine prey, although the sea otter can be found much farther offshore; the marine otter stays within about 100 metres (330 feet) of the shore. Sea otters prefer coastal habitats within a mile of the shoreline. As well as a known high density of otters, sites selected have good quality habitat features necessary for feeding and breeding. Though most live in freshwater rivers, lakes, and wetlands, the sea otter and the smaller marine otter are found in the Pacific Ocean. Prior to the 1950s, otters were common throughout Sussex on all river catchments. Otters are present on waterways throughout the UK and Ireland and so any development that affects a watercourse or is alongside a water course could affect them. This gregarious animal grows to a length of up to 1.8 m (5.9 ft), and is more aquatic than most other otters. Those living on the coast are susceptible to oil spills. Eurasian otters are indigenous to the UK and can be found in either fresh or salt water, although it’s usually known as the river otter for the obvious reason. Mortality on roads, entanglement in illegally set crayfish traps and fyke nets, and habitat degradation continue to have a negative impact on otter … Tracks/footprints: Otter prints can be found at the edge of river banks, in gravel, sand, and mud, and on tarmac if they have just left the river. <> It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. While otters completely disappeared from the rivers of most of central and southern England in just 50 years, their future now looks much brighter. Two species are marine; the others live mostly in fresh water. 8��v�*��U�DҚ��T2����_*%��U�I1��� h�1&�/����z���d7���Zj�5I�b�/��/�Q���؏��yI U�.U0�S翜ʓ+E���W�ߓ � x��0 v*u�,%��狭+?X� �В�.��u�_�5_ ��{V���==�3�=L���������K�?�1����I�V���u��߲IN�/_di�U:/��.��oٔi^'0,���Կ|���/_�����ɧ�}����48�Q2�~�"Q�_�g���勿��7߿N�`9�-'�+��u�+5YNU�T;�Jei�Ws5���P΀D��'�2�R �I�:�_����c{ߗ�wC2�cq�������*h�jҢ���*Qe��Ъ��S�M�ap]��N��/��0J�/���u�T�NM�y�Ҧ�S@�� 4r�>�-@�*�:�C�s�����P&5@�J�i�[p��)��(�X=���i`C��n�*������u����T� The otter is still scarce over much of England, where the highest concentrations are in the south-west. This is demonstrated by a known record of continuous occupation of the site, even, in England, during the period of population decline. Currently it has a rather discontinuous distribution with strong populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of eastern Europe. These slow-flowing rivers have a diversity of bank-side habitats, and good water quality ensures good stocks of, This extensive site contains numerous lochs, lochans and extensive areas of headwaters of burns and rivers. ik �F2 |*�ƃ�`,��@摖'�_�.�"I �6����#�2I� }J9&߾!����L'�?²Hb@O�Q�U�Fa���y/D�e���Z���b�������[h��yݬ��'����� ��-����߄ Y%��+��z�b^����~�j�h� ����\�ݺX ��t؟�w%�\���Z�����d�_��g�+�bY������i����������ҫ� �� Common otters are piscivorous, meaning they … Registered office as above, The Afon Tywi is one of the best rivers in Wales for, The Eastern and Western Cleddau Rivers flow through a largely lowland landscape, eventually joining and flowing into Milford Haven, which is part of the Pembrokeshire Marine cSAC. 4 0 obj It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. Guidance for compliance with the Habitats Regulations. It is much easier to list the habitats that river otters don’t live in than to list the areas they do. Otters seek clean rivers, filled with food and overgrown banks where they can raise their cubs. Rehabilitated otters (eg after injury) are occasionally but infrequently released (only 4-5 per year). Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. With the widest distribution of the otter subfamily, the common otter stretches from western Europe to central Asia. An otters diet mainly consists of fish, however, it can also include birds, insects, frogs, crustaceans and small mammals. The otter is one of Britain's largest carnivores and a male otter may weigh over 15kg although females are somewhat lighter. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Dense fur keeps the sea otter warm in the cold waters it lives in. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. They live in burrow in most waterways and coastal waters. From a distance, they can be confused with mink, particularly as they are found in similar habitats, but otters are much larger and when they swim, they do so with just their head showing above the water, while mink swim with their heads and backs exposed. De otter (Lutra lutra), ook Europese otter of visotter genoemd, is een marterachtige uit het geslacht Lutra.De otter heeft zwempoten en een donkere, dichte, bruine vacht. Free Delivery Over £50 On Selected Orders. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). Otters are aquatic (water-based) relatives of badgers and weasels. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. Oftentimes, they are found by the River Lune. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. OTTER . Volunteers can help monitor otter populations for wildlife charities. Size. endobj Sea otters prefer coastal habitats within a mile of the shoreline. The selected sites include some very extensive areas (totalling over 175,000 ha). 1. The Lower Otter Restoration Project will create 55 hectares of mudflats and other habitats. The otter is lithe and slender with short legs, a strong neck, and a long flat tail that helps propel it gracefully through water. Brighton Store Now Open. 1. Diet. 3: Know your companions. %���� Guidance on managing woodlands with otter in England . De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort werd als Mustela lutra in 1758 gepubliceerd door Carl Linnaeus. The area supports a key dense, The Dee is a major east coast Scottish river, which flows uninterrupted for some 130 km from its upland reaches in the high Cairngorms to the North Sea. Otters have the densest fur of any animal—as many as a million hairs per square inch in places. Sea otters are found in two areas: The Pacific coasts of Russia and Alaska, and along the central California coast. Animals and Nature; Otters They can thrive in any water habitat, such as ponds, marshes, lakes, rivers, and estuaries—in cold, warm, or even high-elevation areas—as long as the habitat provides adequate food. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/otters-protection-surveys-and-licences This is the smallest otter species being only about 11 lbs. Inland populations utilise a range of running and standing freshwaters. They are important sites for birds and other wildlife. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as a ‘holt’. The site provides the full range of marine and freshwater requirements necessary for, Sunart supports a relatively high density of, Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd, Pembrokeshire Bat Sites and Bosherston Lakes/ Safleoedd Ystlum Sir Benfro a Llynnoedd Bosherston, Pen Llŷn a'r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau, River Dee and Bala Lake/ Afon Dyfrdwy a Llyn Tegid. The otter is well suited to a life on the water as they have webbed feet, dense fur to keep them warm and can close their ears and nose when underwater. They are able to stay well hidden in these types of environments which makes them less like to fall victim to a variety of predators on land. There is evidence that in certain parts of the UK the otter is extending its range and may be increasing locally. An otters diet mainly consists of fish, however, it can also include birds, insects, frogs, crustaceans and small mammals. Otters are now very common along the coast of Norway and in Northern Britain, especially Shetland where 12% of the UK breeding population exist. Historically it is a very important site for otters and has been an important source of breeding, Dornoch Firth and Morrich More consists of an estuarine system with extensive areas of bordering natural habitat including sand dune, woodland and small lochans. qxpLz0��nr�%SI�. This ancient woodland on the River Lune is consider an otter hotspot. Surveys have indicated that the, The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality, The River Eden provides an example of lowland, This large river system contains extensive water and riparian habitat suitable for, The Wye holds the densest and most well-established, This island contains numerous freshwater lochs and lochans at a range of altitudes from near sea level to over 400 m, a wide range of small rivers and streams, and an extensive area of coastline. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. 1 The ‘Habitats Regulations’ refers to . NWT manages five reserves along Druridge Bay: Cresswell Shore and Cresswell Pond, Druridge Pools, East Chevington and Hauxley. Simple things you can do to create good habitat for otters Leave the root plates of fallen trees – otters will use cavities behind these to rest Retain mature riverside trees with good root plates to help prevent river bank erosion, maintain shade and create refuges for fish, and to provide natural holt sites. Otters do not have a fixed breeding season, but most births occur in winter or spring. Sea Otters have very distinct habitats. %PDF-1.5 >WX#|A��U����4z ܵ�@n>X��l� �M��mê�A�ǷV���$GEeUN/�����DQ��@p��v���}�8Ƌ�$�;-�B�g=C�������&�q=��F� ��p4�t��?3�|�����O���g�Dų4��'U>������O�A����3 S5�mZ����`ׅk�W[� ;� Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. Most live on shorelines of freshwater rivers and lakes, but a few hunt along seaside coasts. 3 0 obj Their favourite habitats include wetlands, rivers and coastlines. Otters have recovered in many areas but are still struggling to return to Sussex. Populations in coastal areas utilise shallow, inshore marine areas for feeding but also require fresh water for bathing and terrestrial areas for resting and breeding holts. endobj Background and purpose of document . At present, the majority of the otter population in Great Britain occurs in Scotland, with a significant proportion of this number being found in the north and west of the country. Length: 90cm plus a tail of 45cm Otters can see as well under water as they can above it, allowing them to hunt for fish. Fishing - there is a perceived conflict with angling/fishing that can result in the deliberate killing of otters. Behaviour. The SAC series reflects the present discontinuous distribution of otters Lutra lutra in the UK. Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project. GUIDANCE . The cause was the combined effects of water pollution, habitat destruction and persecution, including hunting. The otter is one of Britain's largest carnivores and a male otter may weigh over 15kg although females are somewhat lighter. This otter is found in coastal areas and on larger inland rivers … River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. While the SAC series makes a contribution to securing favourable conservation status for this Annex II species, wider countryside measures, in particular Biodiversity Action Plan implementation, additionally contribute to conservation of this species in the UK. Habitat. Tees Valley Wildlife Trust. 05380206. Hairy-nosed otter, Lutra sumatrana. Otter, any of 13–14 species of semiaquatic mammals that belong to the weasel family and are noted for their playfulness. 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